Like many other phrases, the expression "showing or teaching the ropes" has its origins in the world of sailing. Many of the sailing ships that plied the oceans of the world before the age of the steamship had complex systems of masts and sails that were controlled by ropes. Senior members of the crews of these ships were the ones who knew the ropes and understood how to use them to control the sails. The ambition of any sailor was to know the ropes as quickly as possible.
So welcome on board on this extraordinary voyage of learning! My intention as a more experienced member of the crew (not a senior yet) is to show you all the ropes I know. I just hope you're as eager to learn as I am to teach!
M. A. Bernat

Tuesday, 21 March 2017


Transformation exercices and key 2
Transformation  exercises and key 1

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